The Kakuma refugee camp, Kakuma Town and Kalobeyei settlement are located in Kenya’s Turkana West Sub-County, in Turkana County.
The population of Kakuma refugee camp and Kalobeyei settlement is 222,390 people representing a population of 25 nationalities. The host community population is estimated to be 33,539 Kenyans. The area has governmental, private and humanitarian (NGO) health institutions where vital events such as birth and death are witnessed. The Registration of such events is within the domain of the Office of the Registrar of Births and Deaths at the County level.
The rate of births registered on average is higher monthly/annually at 2.4/1000/month, whereas the rate of death registration on the other hand significantly lower.
Preliminary discussions with the Registrar of Births and Deaths and partners reveal that unlike birth registration that has gained traction and is often followed up on by the various members of the different communities, death registration does not attract similar attention despite actual deaths being witnessed both in hospitals and at homes. Various actors who support in the process and who have been trained on how to support the process, are themselves not keen to follow up.
The Norwegian Refugee Council through its Information, Counselling and Legal Assistance department has been supporting Civil Registration processes in Kakuma and Kalobeyei since 2016/17. The principle focus by default has been birth registration as clients have been following more on the birth certificates rather than the death certificates. The death notification is issued by default when a person dies in the hospital, but the produced death certificate I seldom collected unless such is required to access a durable solution or for other benefits. For deaths that occur out of hospital, the persons concerned are often only obliged to get the notification since they cannot conduct burial rights without the burial permit which is issued after one produces the notification.
Rationale and Purpose
Information on death registration is seldom shared, and when such sessions were previously mobilized for, the turnout was often times wanting. Registration is also key for recording of vital events. These are key vital statistics for government and partner planning, durable solutions processes, documentation of cause of death for mitigation planning (especially health sector of government), proof for other application processes such as processing of travel documents, application for various benefits including insurance, inheritance among others. In order to usefully and sufficiently address the communities of the need for this, NRC ICLA would like to conduct an informative study that would model the appropriate response mechanism.
This study seeks to understand the perceptions of the communities on the registration of death and the access to Civil Registration by PWDs – both the local host and the refugee community in Kakuma and Kalobeyei. The study will include the views of various actors in the civil registration process to inform the programming of NRC’s ICLA department on the issues of Legal Identity and Civil Registration. The consultant engaged in this study will be responsible for conducting a desk review on death registration in the context and comparatively with other local and international contexts (taking into consideration diverse cultural practices as represented by the many nationalities and religions represented in Kakuma and Kalobeyei), review of Household survey data, review of FGD data, conducting Key Informant Interviews and reviewing the data.
Objectives of the Study
The following are the objectives of the study:
To assess and understand the perceptions of the different subsets of the community on death registration, and its importance/ need;
To determine assumptions within the communities on issues of death registration;
To understand the contribution of actors towards the uptake of dignified death registration;
To document the general impact of non-registration of deaths;
To analyse the conditions under which people follow up on death registration;
To document and analyse how communities relate to death; native practices – and relation to benefits/ inheritance practices (from culture and knowledge)
To understand the reason for collection delays of death certificates, or non-collection altogether;
To understand the status of civil registration for persons living with disability – Targeted PWD Documentation.
The Consultant is to produce (at most), a 45-page report with comprehensive findings excluding attachments of accounts of stakeholder feedback. The reports should be submitted in Microsoft Word format, in UK English. The report should be written according to NRC reporting guidelines and standards as applicable. This will be supplied to the consultant. Graphs or other graphical presentations should be editable (i.e. not pictures). All references must be cited according to convention, and detailed in a bibliography, using the Harvard system as set out in the UNESCO Style Manual. All verbatim quotations must appear in quotation marks, and must not be of excessive length. All data collected under the consultancy must be submitted with the deliverables, in a widely recognized format such as Microsoft Excel. Further, the consultant will be required to produce a maximum 4 pager executive summary highlighting the research topic, methodology and scope of work undertaken, findings and recommendations for management’s consideration in the short (2-6 months), medium (12 months) and long term (18-24 months).
· Desk study: Review and consolidation of the available literature related to the subject
· Key Informant Interviews (KIIs): schedule a series of Key Informant Interviews with relevant stakeholders including but not limited to Government actors, and (I) NGOs (with ICLA Specialist, and ICLA PC present in the interviews) – online
· Focus Group Discussions (FGDs): structured FGDs to be held with communities and actors to understand their sentiments on the process and significance of registration of deaths and identify risks and possible solutions to existing challenges.
Skills and Experience
NRC is looking for a qualified Consultant with a strong technical background and experience in quality research work. The Consultant must demonstrate expertise in the following areas:
· Proven experience in the humanitarian sector conducting assessments/surveys/studies and significant field experience in humanitarian response or development contexts and is adherent to research and ethical principle;
· Excellent research and technical skills and capacity to achieve the objectives of the research
· Experience in legal research and analysis;
· Strong command of written and spoken English; and
· Previous experience and knowledge of civil registration practices, statelessness and nationality issues, and People First Impact Methodology of community engagement is highly desired as an added advantage.
The Consultant is envisaged to be hired for a period of 2 weeks including spending the time working remotely and engaging data teams and key informants.
All applications must include the following:
• Detailed CV of the Consultant;
KRA PIN and Compliance certificate. • Cover letter detailing the Consultant’s qualifications and experience in undertaking similar assignments;
• Copies of previous publications, writing sample and legal analysis examples
• Proposed budget for the consultancy, covering all consultancy fees and costs; and
• Proposed work plan/schedule.